ECRI Institute (formerly the "Emergency Care Research Institute") is a Nonprofit organization|nonprofit organization located in the United States, United Kingdom, United Arab Emirates, and Malaysia, that uses applied scientific research in healthcare to help establish best practices to improving patient care. ECRI Institute is designated as a Collaborating Center of the World Health Organization. Under the WHO Terms of Reference, ECRI Institute serves as the WHO Archives on Medical Technology and as the WHO Archives of Healthcare Standards and Guidelines.
ECRI Institute has served as an Evidence-based Practice Center with the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) since 1997. It is designated a federal Patient safety organization by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service] under the Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005.
The organization serves over 5,000 healthcare organizations worldwide, including hospitals, health systems, public and private payers, U.S. federal and state government agencies, ministries of health, voluntary sector organizations, associations, and accrediting agencies. With these groups, ECRI Institute shares its experience in patient safety improvement, Comparative Effectiveness, risk and quality management, evidence-based practice, healthcare processes, devices, procedures, and drug technology.
In the early 1960s, Joel Nobel, M.D., Founder and President Emeritus of ECRI Institute, invented the MAX Cart, a mobile resuscitation system designed to save lives by enabling rapid medical action. The cart carries instruments for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and other medical supplies while also functioning as a support litter for a patient. A prototype of the MAX medical emergency crash cart has been accepted into the permanent collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of American History, Medicine and Science Division, as part of its historical collection of cardiology and emergency-medicine objects. Nobel, a surgeon and inventor, designed and patented MAX in 1965 while a resident at Pennsylvania Hospital, in order to speed the delivery of life-saving emergency cardiopulmonary care to patients. Life magazine profiled the invention in a 1966 feature called "MAX, the Lifesaver."
ECRI Institute publishes hazard reports and alerts on medical devices, hospital adverse event and near miss reports, health technology journals, directories for medical device manufacturers/suppliers, healthcare-related standards, clinical evidence and emerging technology analyses and systematic reviews. It provides educational resources including a effectiveness/Pages/default.aspx Comparative Effectiveness Resource. ECRI Institute also compares the acquisition cost and cost-effectiveness of health technology.
The organization is responsible for performing the technical work of developing and maintaining AHRQ's support for National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC), a database of clinical practice guidelines, and the National Quality Measures Clearinghouse (NQMC), a database of evidence-based healthcare quality measures. Both medical informatics tools support users' efforts to integrate evidence-based practices into healthcare decisions. ECRI Institute is a designated America's Health Insurance Plans (AHIP) Solutions Partner.
ECRI Institute employs strict rules to prevent conflict of interest, by not accepting gifts, grants, or contracts from the medical device or pharmaceutical industry.